Dic Penderyn (Richard Lewis) aged 23 was hanged on this site at 8.00 am on Friday 13th August 1831 for the alleged wounding of a soldier during the 1831 armed rebellion of the Merthyr trade unionists when 24 people died.
When Dic Penderyn's body was taken to Aberavon the funeral cortege was over a mile long.
The County Gaol stood on this site for over three hundred years and it was the scene of brutal punishment and religious and political martyrdoms.
Was donated by the National Union of Mineworkers October 1980
Richard Lewis, better known as Dic Penderyn (1808 – 13 August 1831), was a Welsh labourer and coal miner who lived in Merthyr Tydfil who was involved with the Merthyr Rising of 3 June 1831. In the course of the riot he was arrested alongside Lewis Lewis, one of the primary figures in the uprising, and charged with stabbing a soldier with a bayonet. The people of Merthyr Tydfil doubted his guilt, and signed a petition for his release. However, he was found guilty and hanged on 13 August. After his death he was treated as a martyr in Merthyr and across Britain.