George Stephenson grey plaque in Newcastle upon Tyne
George Stephenson 1781-1848. Black Callerton. Stephenson worked at the nearby Dolly Pit from 1801-1802 when he married Frances Henderson (1769-1806), mother of Robert. In 1820 he married Elizabeth Hindmarsh a Black Callerton farmer's daughter.
George Stephenson (9 June 1781 – 12 August 1848) was an English civil engineer and mechanical engineer who built the first public inter-city railway line in the world to use steam locomotives, the Liverpool and Manchester Railway which opened in 1830. Renowned as the "Father of Railways", the Victorians considered him a great example of diligent application and thirst for improvement, with self-help advocate Samuel Smiles particularly praising his achievements. His rail gauge of 4 feet 8 1⁄2 inches (1,435 mm), sometimes called "Stephenson gauge", is the world's standard gauge.