On August 22nd 1513, the largest army ever mustered in Scotland crossed the fords in the River Tweed here at Coldstream and downstream at Lenne in support of France against Henry VIII of England. The auld enemies met in battle at Flodden Field on the 9th September 1513. The resulting battle ended in disastrous defeat for Scotland, whereby King James IV, almost the entire nobility of Scotland, and 10,000 men at arms perished at the hands of the Earl of Surrey's English army.
James IV (17 March 1473 – 9 September 1513) was King of Scots from 11 June 1488 to his death. He is generally regarded as the most successful of the Stewart monarchs of Scotland, but his reign ended with the disastrous defeat at the Battle of Flodden Field, where he became the last monarch from not only Scotland, but also from all of Great Britain, to be killed in battle.