Richard Cameron and James Renwick blue plaque in Sanquhar

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Cameron Monument. The monument opposite marks the original site of the Market Cross of Sanquhar. On 22nd June 1680, Richard Cameron and his followers rode into Sanquhar and affixed to the cross his declaration disowning Charles II as King. This act was to result in the Battle of Airds Moss on 20th July and although the covenanters fought bravely they were overcome by government Dragoons. Eight Covenanters including Richard Cameron were killed. In 1685 James Renwick made the second declaration at the cross which led to his execution in Edinburgh at the Grassmarket.

Richard Cameron (1648? – 22 July 1680) was a leader of the militant Presbyterians, known as Covenanters, who resisted attempts by the Stuart monarchs to control the affairs of the Church of Scotland, acting through bishops. While attempting to revive the flagging fortunes of the Covenanting cause in 1680, he was tracked down by the authorities and killed in a clash of arms at Airds Moss in Ayrshire. His followers took his name as the Cameronians and ultimately formed the nucleus of the later Scottish regiment of the same name, the Cameronians (Scottish Rifles). The regiment was disbanded in 1968.

Source: dbpedia

James Renwick (15 February 1662 – 17 February 1688) was a Scottish minister and the last of the Covenanter martyrs.

Source: dbpedia

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