Dadabhai Naoroji (Hindi: दादाभाई नौरोजी) (4 September 1825 – 30 June 1917), known as the Grand Old Man, was a Parsi intellectual, educator, cotton trader, and an early Indian political and social leader. He was a Member of Parliament (MP) in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1892 and 1895, and the first Asian to be a British MP.Naoroji is also credited with the founding of the Indian National Congress, along with A.O. Hume and Dinshaw Edulji Wacha. His book Poverty and Un-British Rule in India brought attention to the draining of India's wealth into Britain. He was also member of Second International along with Kautsky and Plekhanov.