John McDouall Stuart (1815-1866)

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John McDouall Stuart (7 September 1815 – 5 June 1866) was a Scottish explorer and one of the most accomplished and famous of all Australia's inland explorers.Stuart led the first successful expedition to traverse the Australian mainland from south to north and return, and the first to do so from a starting point in South Australia, achieving this despite poor backing from the Government of South Australia. His experience and the care he showed for his team ensured he never lost a man, despite the harshness of the country he encountered.The explorations of Stuart eventually resulted in the Australian Overland Telegraph Line being built and the main route from Port Augusta to Darwin being established, which is now known as the Stuart Highway in his honour.

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