Charles Wheeler (1892-1975)

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for others with the same name see Charles Wheeler (disambiguation)Sir Charles Thomas Wheeler KCVO, PRA (14 March 1892 – 22 August 1974) was a British sculptor, and the first sculptor to hold the Presidency of the Royal Academy (from 1956 through 1966).Wheeler was born in Codsall, Staffordshire and raised in nearby Wolverhampton. In 1912 he won a scholarship to the Royal College of Art where he studied under Edouard Lanteri. For World War I Wheeler was classified as unfit for active service and instead modeled artificial limbs for war amputees.He came to specialize in portraits and architectural sculpture. He became RA in 1940 and PRA in 1956. In 1968 he wrote his autobiography, High Relief.Works include: 20-foot bronze doors and a major program of sculptures, including the "Lothbury Ladies" and the gilded finial figure of Ariel for the Bank of England, with architect Sir Herbert Baker, 1922–45 Fountain and memorial plates for Blackmoor Cloisters (War Memorial) by Sir Herbert Baker. sculptures for Rhodes House, Oxford, with Baker, 1927 sculptures for India House, Aldwych, with Baker, 1928–30 sculptures for South Africa House with Baker, 1934 the western fountain figures in Trafalgar Square, 1948 allegorical figures of the Seven Seas at the Tower Hill Memorial the statue of Lady Wulfruna outside St. Peter's Collegiate Church, Wolverhampton the monumental Earth and Water figures for the Ministry of Defence in Whitehall

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